Community Resources

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This section describes the Federated Resources made available by the Community of Practice in the D4Science Ecosystem. The Details on the resources will be updated as soon as they will be specified by the iMarine board.


OBIS allows users to search marine species datasets from all of the world's oceans. It allows to identify large-scale ecological patterns, analyze dispersions of species over time and space, and FP7-283644 iMarine Combination of CP & CSA plot species' locations with temperature, salinity, and depth. The OBIS schema is a list of data fields with names, descriptions, and format notes. It is an extension to the Darwin Core Version 2 standard. Darwin Core is a Biodiversity informatics data standard that consists of a vocabulary of terms to facilitate the discovery, retrieval, and integration of information about organisms, their spatiotemporal occurrence, and the supporting evidence housed in biological collections. The Darwin Core profile is expressed as an XML Schema document for use by the DiGIR (Distributed Generic Information Retrieval) protocol.

Darwin Core is based on the principles of Dublin Core and decouples the definition and semantics of individual terms from application of these terms in different technologies such as XML, RDF or simple CSV text files. It not only allows on sharing data through a dynamic DiGIR provider, but also offers RESTful, OAI and OGC services. It's going to be used to enrich the data sets accessible through the iMarine Data e-Infrastructure with biodiversity metadata and content from multiple research areas.


FAO-IOC/IODE The United Nations agencies of FAO and UNESCO-IOC/IODE collaborate to provide information on standards and controlled vocabularies in oceanography, marine science, food, agriculture, development, fisheries, forestry, natural resources and related sciences. They produced a customized version of DSpace called OceanDocs for the International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC) and adapted it to the standards of the Oceanographic community. The OceanDocs Network, created in 2004, now has some 50 members. The FAO customized DSpace using the AGRIS Application Profile (AP) and is developing a plug-in for the use of controlled vocabularies for communities in food, agriculture, development, fisheries, forestry, natural resources and related sciences such as AGROVOC.

The communities of FAO and UNESCO-IOC/IODE active in oceanography and food, agriculture, development, fisheries, forestry, natural resources and related sciences will provide open access to their literature stored in those repositories. They will use the same standards for metadata, thesauri and other ontologies ensuring advanced access to the scientific publications in the field and the possibility to create new services for their researchers.


IRD focuses on data discovery by implementing different metadata standards like Dublin Core (RDF schema) and ISO 19115/39 for spatial data as well as several TDWG standards that implement the GBIF profile of EML (Ecological Metadata Language). The main datasets produced by IRD (Observatoire Thonier) are already described with RDF Dublin Core metadata and tagged with URI. Also IRD reuses or plans to develop ad hoc ontologies (OWL) and to use entities URIs in the ontologies to tag metadata. The GBIF IPT is an open source, Java (TM) based web application that connects and serves three types of biodiversity data: taxon primary occurrence data, taxon checklists and general resource metadata. The data registered in a GBIF IPT instance is connected to the GBIF distributed network and made available for public consultation and use. These resources is going to be accessible from the iMarine Data e-Infrastructure under a Federated Model.

FAO Corporate Document Repository

The FAO Corporate Document Repository maintains FAO documents and publications, as well as selected non-FAO publications. It offers a standardised interface to access this repository of objects produced by FAO directly on the Internet. The Aquaculture, Fisheries Management and Conservation, Fisheries Policy and Planning, Biodiversity, and Climate Change collections are all relevant to the Ecosystem Approach envisaged by the CoP. Those collections will become accessible from iMarine Data e-Infrastructure under a Federated Model.

FAO Fisheries Global Information System (FIGIS)

The FAO Fisheries Global Information System (FIGIS) was established to offer reliable, high-quality and relevant information on the state of world fisheries and support the Code of Conduct For Responsible Fisheries that represents the basis for policies aimed at sustainable fisheries. FIGIS is an information management tool that interconnects groups of institutional partnerships to build up a network of subsystems. FIGIS, as part of the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department's regular activities acts as a framework with reference to FAO information management policy. FIGIS delivers expert knowledge, a set of software tools, collaborative mechanisms, and interoperability solutions to a broad range of needs in fisheries information. With the adoption by the Committee on Fisheries of the Strategy for Improving Information on Status and Trends of Capture Fisheries (STF) on 28 February 2003, FIGIS becomes one of the privileged tools for its implementation. The services offered by FIGIS will be integrated and made accessible from the iMarine Data e-Infrastructure under a Federated Model to offer a web-integrated fisheries information system.

FAO GeoNetwork

FAO GeoNetwork provides Internet access to interactive maps, satellite imagery and related spatial databases. Its purpose is to improve access to and integrated use of spatial data and information. GeoNetwork opensource is a standardized and decentralized spatial information management environment, designed to enable access to geo-referenced databases, cartographic products and related metadata from a variety of sources, enhancing the spatial information exchange and sharing between organizations and their audience, using the capacities of the internet. These resources are going to be accessible from the iMarine Data e-Infrastructure under a Federated Model to provide an easy and timely access to available spatial data and to existing thematic maps that might support informed decision making.

FAO AgroTagger

The FAO AgroTagger that is being developed by IIT Kanpur and ICRISAT in collaboration with FAO is an automatic web-accessible tagging module for agriculture-related contents whose salient features are: language detection; ability to process various document types (doc, docx, pdf, odp, html); ability to assign tags, named agrotags, with or without a thesaurus or a training data set; ease of integration into the Drupal Content Management System. Agrotags is a subset of keywords selected from Agrovoc, by IIT Kanpur and ICRISAT, and acts as the “core” keywords that describe the domain, an abridged version of Agrovoc. This service is going to be accessible from the iMarine Data e-Infrastructure under a Federated Model and it will be used to enrich textual and structured data with agrotags keywords.


PESI promotes correct use of names and their relationships as an essential step for biodiversity management while the availability of taxonomically validated and standardised nomenclatures is fundamental for biological e-infrastructures. PESI integrates and secures taxonomically authoritative species name registers. The PESI data warehouse uses the Common Data Model (CDM) that follows the TDWG Ontology, but modelling was influenced by other models and standards, such as the Access to Biological Collections Data (ABCD) schema, the Taxonomic Concept Schema (TCS) and the Structure of Descriptive Data (SDD) schema. PESI is also building a common intelligent namematching device in consultation with principal initiatives like GBIF and LifeWatch. This provides a unified cross reference system to all stakeholders optimising their taxonomic meta-data service functioning. The services offered by the PESI infrastructure are going to be accessible from the iMarine Data e-Infrastructure under a Federated Model to significantly improve the taxonomic disambiguation capacity and improve the quality of the data sets.


eDAMIS (electronic Data files Management and Information System) is a modern communications management system allowing easier and more accurate transfer of data between various national, EU institutions and Eurostat, the central statistical office of the EU. Democratic societies do not function properly without a solid basis of reliable and objective statistics. Most European Union (EU) statistics are aggregated from hundreds of competent national authorities among whom the main ones are national statistical offices. The purpose of eDAMIS is to provide a simple generic solution for a transparent and reliable exchange of data files using an advanced control system with acknowledgements, notifications, content validation, monitoring and dispatching of data files towards the relevant recipients (application or users). eDAMIS could be considered as an advanced post service which uses the latest internet technologies to guarantee the easy, reliable and smooth transmission of all statistical data files that have to be sent to Eurostat. It also offers tracking and monitoring reports that can be used as input to check the respect of the legal obligations to transmit data. This service is going to be accessible from the iMarine Data Infrastructure under a Federated Model to guarantee a proper interconnection to Eurostat to all participating institutions.


FISHSTAT Plus is a software for fishery statistical time series providing users with access to fishery statistics of various sorts. Any data having time series structure can potentially be stored and processed by Fishstat Plus. It provides access to approximately 600 species items included in the FAO International Standard Statistical Classification of Fishery Commodities (ISSCFC) (commodity categories cover products derived from fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic animals and residues caught for commercial, industrial or subsistence uses, by all types of classes of fishing units operating in inland, fresh and brackish waters, in inshore, offshore or high seas fishing areas. This service is going to be accessible from the iMarine Data e-Infrastructure under a Federated Model to guarantee a proper exploitation of the information available through FishStat Plus.


AquaMaps is a data service oriented to the marine environment that makes available species range maps plus a variety of thematic maps (taxonomic, climatologic, invasiveness, etc.). Each map is a complex information object. All the AquaMaps collections are open source. Currently, several different communities of scientists access these collections, either through the AquaMaps user interface or through the interface of other systems (e.g. FishBase, the most widely used biological information system with over one million visitors per month; other species information systems such as SeaLifeBase and GBIF).

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